Afghanistan

Population Statistics

32,564,342

Total Population

4,884,651

Population with a disability

according to World Health Organization’s 15% estimate

Election Dates

28
sep

Afghanistan President 2019

2019

18 September 2012

Ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities


Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2004)

Updated: June 2015

Article 62 states:

The individual who becomes a presidential candidate shall have the following qualifications:

(1) Shall be a citizen of Afghanistan, Muslim, born of Afghan parents and shall not be a citizen of another country;

(2) Shall not be less than forty years old the day of candidacy;

(3) Shall not have been convicted of crimes against humanity, a criminal act or deprivation of civil rights by court.No individual shall be elected for more than two terms as President. The provision of this article shall also apply to Vice-Presidents.

 

Article 67 states:

In case of resignation, impeachment or death of the President, as well as an incurable illness impeding performance of duty, the First Vice-President shall assume authorities and duties of the President. The President shall personally tender resignation to the National Assembly. Affirmation of an incurable illness shall be verified by an authoritative medical team assigned by the Supreme Court. In such cases, elections for the new President shall be held within three months in accordance with Article Sixty-One of the Constitution...

 

Article 72 states:

The individual appointed as Minister shall have the following qualifications:

(1) Shall have only the citizenship of Afghanistan; if the ministerial candidate has the citizenship of another country as well, the House of People shall have the right to approve or reject the nomination;

(2) Shall have higher education, work experience as well as a good reputation;

(3) Shall not be less than thirty five years of age; 4. Shall not have been convicted of crimes against humanity, a criminal act or deprivation of civil rights by a court.

 

Article 85 states:

The individual who becomes a candidate or appointed to the membership of the National Assembly, in addition to the completion of the conditions of the election, shall have the following qualifications:

(1) Shall be a citizen of Afghanistan or shall have obtained citizenship of the state of Afghanistan at least ten years prior to candidacy date or appointment;

(2) Shall not have been convicted of crimes against humanity, as well as a crime or deprivation from civil rights by a court;

(3) Shall have completed twenty-five years of age on candidacy day for the House of People, and thirty-five years on candidacy day or appointment for the House of Elders.

 

Article 108 states:

In cases of death, resignation, and dismissal of a member of the National Assembly or disability or handicap, which impedes permanent performance of duty, the placement of the new representative for the remaining period of the legislative term shall be in accordance with provisions of the law. Matters related to the presence and absence of members of the National Assembly shall be regulated by the Internal Duties Statute.

 

Article 118 states:

Supreme Court members shall have the following qualifications:

(1) At time of appointment the age of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and its members shall not be less than forty year.

(2) Shall be a citizen of Afghanistan.

(3) Shall have higher education in legal studies or Islamic jurisprudence as well as expertise and adequate experience in the judicial system of Afghanistan.

(4) Shall have good character as well as good reputation.

(5) Shall not have been convicted, by a court, for crimes against humanity, crimes, or deprivation of civil rights.

(6) Shall not be a member of any political party during his term of duty.

 

Excerpts from the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2004)